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Eye Conditions

Below are brief descriptions of the various eye conditions we commonly see and treat at Bogey Hills Vision Center.

There are many different types of eye conditions that could be affecting your eyesight or could have long-term consequences if not treated properly or promptly. We list some of the more common conditions below. If you think you or someone in your family has one of these conditions, please contact Bogey Hills Vision Center in Saint Charles for an exam and recommendations.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

When a baby is born, the auditory system is fully developed and ready to go, but the visual system is not fully developed to around age six to seven.  If anything happens in young childhood that prevents a child from having good vision, they may develop amblyopia, commonly called a ‘lazy eye’.  Causes may include an eye turning in or drifting out (strabismus), having a high prescription in one or both eyes, having a signficant difference in prescription between the two eyes, or less commonly a congenital cataract or other eye disease.  The visual system develops as a ‘use it or loose it’ type of process.  If the brain does not receive a good image from the eyes, the connections between the eyes and the brain and the visual part of the brain itself does not develop properly.  Sometimes even if the problem is corrected in later childhood, the child may still never develop normal vision.

Amblyopia may not always be obvious and children may not complain of visual difficulties.  This is why IT IS SO IMPORTANT for children under age six to have a comprehensive eye examination.

Blepharitis

Blepharitis is a general term for an inflammation of the eyelid and eyelashes. It is among the most common and stubborn eye conditions usually resulting from poor eyelid hygiene, a low-grade bacterial infection (usually staphylococcal), an allergic reaction and/or abnormalities in oil gland function.

Like some other skin conditions, blepharitis can be controlled but not cured. The main goals in treating it are to reduce the amount of bacteria along the lid margin and open plugged glands. Contact Bogey Hills Vision Center to assess the severity of your problem and the best treatment method.

Cataracts

A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s normally clear lens, which leads to a progressive blurring or dimming of vision. It is the world’s leading cause of blindness and among the most common conditions related to aging – by age 65, you have a 50 percent chance of developing a cataract, and, by age 75, it jumps to 70 percent.

A cataract starts out small and initially has little or no effect on vision. As the cataract progresses, it becomes harder to read and perform other normal tasks. In the early stages, your doctor may recommend stronger eyeglasses and adjusting your lighting to reduce glare. When cataracts disrupt your daily life, your doctor may recommend cataract-removal surgery, which is one of the most frequent and successful procedures done in the U.S.

Computer Vision Syndrome

Computer Vision Syndrome is characterized by neck pain, blurry vision, stiff shoulders, headache and watery eyes when working in front of a computer screen. The symptoms are typically due to posture, dry eyes, eye muscle coordination and poorly corrected vision.

Since computer monitors are typically 20 to 26 inches from your eyes, your regular glasses may not be the best option for computer work. This distance range is considered intermediate – closer than what you use to drive a car but farther away than what you use to read. Special lens designs for computer work provide you with a larger intermediate area for viewing the computer and your immediate work area like the top of your desk. Bogey Hills Vision Center can help you determine if these special lenses are appropriate for you.

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome refers to a breakdown in the quantity or quality of tears to moisten, cleanse and protect the eyes. This is significant because, with each blink, tears protect the surface of the eye, washing away dust and microorganisms. When this protective coating dries up, the eyes may feel “gritty” or burn and can be more sensitive to light. In extreme cases, vision can be blurred.

If you suspect that you have dry eye, see your eye doctor. Proper care will not only increase your comfort – it will protect your eyes. Your eye care provider can perform a series of tests to determine if you have dry eyes.

Strabismus

Strabismus is a condition in which eyes are misaligned. It commonly occurs when the muscles that control eye movement are not properly working together. The result is one or both eyes turning inward, outward, upward or downward, or one or both eyes moving irregularly.

Strabismus is usually diagnosed during childhood and affects about 4 percent of children, afflicting boys and girls equally. Though it cannot be prevented, its complications can be avoided with early intervention. Even if you notice symptoms intermittently – when your child is ill, stressed or fatigued – alert your eye care provider.  Strabismus is a major contributor to amblyopia, so early intervention is crucial.